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Edgar Bacon Stokes, MD
of Crockett, Houston Co., Texas

This is the biography of Edgar Bacon Stokes, MD, of Crockett, Houston County, Texas, as recorded in A History of Texas and Texans, Volume 3 by Francis Eugene C Barker, Ph.D., professor of American History, The University of Texas, published in 19141. The biography is copied, verbatim, from the referenced text, which is out of copyright. I have done further research on this individual to fill out additional details, which are listed below the biography, along with data extracted from the text. If you have any further information about Edgar, his parents, grandparents, or descendents, please let me know.

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Biography of Edgar Bacon Stokes, MD

Edgar B. Stokes, M.D. A scion of the third generation of the Stokes family in Houston county, Dr. Stokes has here worthily maintained the honors of a name that has been closely identified with the history of the county since the early pioneer days, and he has attained to marked distinction as one of the representative physicians and surgeons of his native county, with residence and professional headquarters in the city of Crockett, the metropolis and judicial center of Houston county. Known as a physician of high attainments and unequivocal devotion to his humane vocation and as a citizen loyal in all relations, he is not like the prophet who is "not without honor save in his own country," for his staunchest friends are those among whom he has lived from the time of his nativity.

Dr. Edgar Bacon Stokes was born in Houston county, Texas, on the 9th of August, 1866, and is a son of Charles and Lucy (Hancock) Stokes, the former a native of Georgia and the latter of Alabama. The marriage of the parents as solemnized in Houston county, where the respective families were founded in the early pioneer ear of the history of this favored section of the state. The lineage of the Stokes family is traced to staunch Scotch-Irish origin, with a strain of English, and the original American progenitors settled in the southern part of our great national domain in the colonial epoch. Will Benson Stokes, grandfather of the Doctor, became one of the leading members of the Texas bar in the early days and was for a term of years actively engaged in the practice of his profession at Crockett, Houston county, at a time when the bar of this city as known as one of the most brilliant and distinguished in the Lone Star commonwealth. Both he and his wife continued to maintain their home in Crockett until their death, and their names merit enduring place on the roster of the honored pioneers of this section of the state.

Charles Stokes, a man of broad mental ken and exalted integrity of purpose, became one of the most honored factors in connection with civic and industrial development and progress in Houston county, and at the time of his death, which occurred in the year 1910, he was one of the best known and most highly esteemed citizens of the county in which he had long maintained his residence and in which both he and his noble wife held the affectionate regard of all who knew them. For ten years Charles Stokes held the office of county surveyor, a position in which he did a large amount of important work, and later he operated a saw mill and conducted agricultural operations upon a somewhat extensive scale, his old homestead having been situated about seven miles northwest of the city of Crockett. Commanding the unqualified confidence of the people of the county, he was again called to public office, and for eighteen years he was the efficient and valued incumbent of the position of county assessor, his labors in this capacity giving a broad and intimate knowledge of the resources and real-estate values of the county, so that his dictum concerning both was considered authoritative. A broad-gauged, upright and progressive citizen, he was ever earnest in his support of measures and enterprises projected for the general good of his home county and state, the while his interest in his fellow men always manifested in consideration, sympathy and helpfulness. Few have done more than he for the advancement of agricultural interests in this part of the state. At a time when the tilling of Texas soil was conducted in a somewhat crude and primitive manner he saw the advantage of applying improved machinery and scientific methods, and his confidence led him to put into requisition on his own farm the latest approved machinery and implements in all lines and to demonstrate and exploit the value of the same. He likewise made careful experiments with soil production and general systems of propagation, and thus his farm and its management became models altogether worthy of consideration on the part of others who desired to secure the best returns from the labors put forth. His progressive policies attracted wide attention and his broad and authoritative knowledge of scientific agriculture as applied under conditions existing in eastern Texas caused many to seek his advice and successfully to emulate his example. To-day many of the theories and policies which he worked out and zealously advocated in connection with agricultural operations are followed by the representative farmers of the state. He took an advanced position, and his success demonstrated the wisdom of his plans and policies.

The life of Charles Stokes was guided and governed by the highest principles of integrity and honor, and his abiding Christian faith was shown forth, without ostentation, in his daily walk and conversation. Both he and his wife early became most zealous and devout members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in Crockett, and in the same he faithfully served in the office of steward for nearly forty years. He was affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and maintained active membership in the lodge at Crockett until the organization lapsed. Thoroughly in harmony with the tenets representing the basic principles and policies of the Democratic party and taking a broad and comprehensive interest in the questions and issues of the day, he exerted no little influence as a director of popular sentiment and action in public affairs, and his civic loyalty was of the highest type.

Shortly after the Civil war had been precipitated on the nation Mr. Stokes showed his inviolable love for and loyalty to the South by tendering his services in defense of the cause of the Confederacy, and he continued with his command, a faithful and gallant soldier, until the close of the great fratracidal conflict, his service having been principally in Texas and Arkansas. The home life of Mr. Stokes as one of ideal associations and his wife, who ever proved a devoted companion and helpmeet, survives him and resides in Crockett, where she maintains her home with her eldest daughter, Mrs. J. W. Young. Mrs. Stokes has been a resident of Houston county from her girlhood days, is a woman of most gracious personality and has the affectionate esteem of all who have come within the compass of her gentle influence. Her father, Major H. R. Hancock, was an honored and influential pioneer of Houston county, was one of the largest landed proprietors and slaveholders of the county in the ante-bellum days and served with distinction as a soldier and officer of the Confederacy in the war between the states. Charles and Lucy (Hancock) Stokes became the parents of eight children, of whom six attained to years of maturity and of whom five are now living, Charles C., who had become one of the representative members of the Crockett bar, as serving as a member of the state senate at the time of his death; Hattie E. is the wife of James W. Young, a representative attorney of Crockett; Anne is the wife of Rev. George W. Davis, pastor of the First Methodist Episcopal church, South, in Texarkana; Lucy is the wife of T. R. Dupree, who is engaged in the furniture business in this city; Robert C. resides in Crockett and is one of the representative agriculturalists of Houston county; and Dr. Edgar B. is the immediate subject of this review.

To the district schools in the vicinity of the old home farm and to the public schools in the city of Crockett Dr. Stokes is indebted for his early educational discipline, and his ambition and alert mentality caused him to make the best possible use of the advantages thus accorded him. Upon the twenty-first anniversary of his birth he initiated his independent career as a wage-earner by becoming assistant to his father, who was at the time serving as tax assessor of the county. He aided in the preparation of the tax rolls and continued his labors along this line for one year, after which he devoted his attention to agricultural pursuits for a period of two years, which in which he formulated definite plans for a career of broader usefulness and responsibility. Having determined to enter the medical profession, he abandoned the work of the farm and was matriculated in the medical department of the University of Louisville, in the metropolis of the state of Kentucky. In this excellent institution he completed the prescribed curriculum and was graduated as a member of the class of 1892, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He forthwith entered upon his practical novitiate by establishing his home in the village of Elkhart, Anderson county, Texas, where his ability and close application soon gained to him an appreciable support and where he built up a substantial and profitable practice. He continued to reside at Elkhart for six years and then returned to his alma mater, the University of Louisville, in the medical department of which he completed an effective post-graduate course, his desire at that time as in all subsequent years having been to keep himself up to the highest possible standard in theoretical and practice knowledge of the sciences of medicine and surgery. Upon returning to Texas Dr. Stokes established his home and professional headquarters in the city of Crockett, the judicial center of his native county, and about one year later he formed a partnership with Dr. John S. Wootters, with whom he has since continued to be most pleasantly associated, under the firm name of Drs. Stokes & Wootters. The most emphatic voucher for his large and definite success and his unqualified popularity is that given in the exceptionally broad and representative practice which he now controls, and in which his honored and valued coadjutor is Dr. Wootters. These representative physicians have finely appointed offices, with special facilities for surgical work, in which both have gained high reputation, as both avail themselves of the most modern and approved facilities and methods in both branches of their successful professional work. Dr. Stokes has served as president and also as secretary of the Houston County Medical Society, of which he continues an active and appreciative member, as does he also of the Texas State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. Loyally interested in all that touches the social and material welfare of the community, Dr. Stokes has been specially interested in the furtherance of the cause of education and has served with signal efficiency and acceptability as a member of the board of education of his home city. Both he and his wife are most earnest and devoted members of the First Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in Crocket, and the Doctor is a valued member of its board of trustees as well as the incumbent of the office of steward—a capacity in which his honored father served for many years, as previously noted in this context. He is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity, the Woodmen of the World, and the Knights of the Modern Maccabees. In addition to his attractive residence property in Crockett the Doctor is the owner of a landed estate of about 1,200 acres in his native county, and he takes much interest in the supervision of his farms, through the medium of which he manifests his continued allegiance to the great basic industry under whose influence he was reared. Mrs. Stokes presides most graciously over the hospitable home and is a popular figure in the leading church and social activities of the community, she being an active member of the Mothers' Club and other representative organizations.

On the 27th of March, 1895, was solemnized the marriage of Dr. Stokes to Miss Cora Davis, of Elkhart, Texas, her parents having established their home in Anderson county upon their removal from Illinois to Texas, and her father, Thomas S. Davis, being now a successful real-estate dealer at Palestine, the capital of Anderson county. Dr. and Mrs. Stokes became the parents of five children, all of whom are living except Robbie, who died in infancy. The surviving children are all at the parental home, and their names are here entered in respective order of birth: Paul, Hattie, Alta, and Cora Charles.

 

Additional Information about Edgar Bacon Stokes and his family

1870 US Federal Census, Houston County, Texas

Dwelling # Name Age Gender Birthplace Occupation
195 Chas (Charles) Stokes 36 Male Georgia Farmer
195 L A Stokes 26 Female Alabama Keeping House
195 William Stokes 6 Male Texas -
195 Edgar Stokes 4 Male Texas -
195 Robert Stokes 2 Male Texas -

1880 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

Relationship
to Head
of Household
Name Age Birthplace Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace Occupation
Self Charles Stokes 46 Georgia South Carolina Georgia Assessor
Wife Lucy Stokes 36 Alabama South Carolina Alabama Keeps House
Son William Stokes 14 Texas Georgia Alabama at school
Son Edgar Stokes 13 Texas Georgia Alabama -
Son Robert Stokes 11 Texas Georgia Alabama -
Son Charles Stokes 7 Texas Georgia Alabama -
Daughter Hariett Stokes 4 Texas Georgia Alabama -
Daughter Anna Stokes 1 Texas Georgia Alabama -

1880 US Federal Census, Fitz Williams Mill, Bastrop County, Texas

Relationship
to Head
of Household
Name Age Birthplace Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace Occupation
Self Mark Young 40 Tennesee Virginia Kentucky Farmer
Wife Mary Young 31 Alabama Tennessee Tennessee Keeping House
Daughter Jennye Young 9 Texas Tennessee Alabama -
Son James Young 6 Texas Tennessee Alabama -
Daughter Hallye Young 3 Texas Tennessee Alabama -
Son Joseph Young 1 Texas Tennessee Alabama -
-* James W Young 70 Alabama Tennessee Alabama [illegible - maybe h???der]

* There is no relationship defined for 70yo James W Young, but given his age compared to Mark's, I think we can probably safely assume he is Mark's father. He's only barely old enough to be his grandfather if there were two 15-year-old fathers in a row.

1900 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

Relationship
to Head
of Household
Name Birth Date Marital Status Birthplace Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace Occupation
Self Charles Stokes May 1834 Married (37yrs) Georgia South Carolina Georgia Farmer
Wife Lucy A Stokes Jul 1844 Married (37yrs) Alabama South Carolina Alabama -
Son Coltin C Stokes Sep 1872 Single Texas Georgia Alabama Farmer
Daughter Harriett E Stokes (or Cunyus? Cunyus is scratched out) Apr 1875 Married (4yrs) Texas Georgia Alabama -
Daughter Annie M Stokes Jan 1880 Single Texas Georgia Alabama -
Daughter Lucy B Stokes Sep 1882 Single Texas Georgia Alabama -
Son-in-law Homer J Cunyus Nov 1866 Married (4yrs) Georgia Georgia Georgia Dentist
Granddaughter Leita Cunyus Sep 1899 Single Texas Georgia Texas -
Self Edgar B Stokes Aug 1865 Married 5 years Texas Georgia Texas Physician
Wife Cora Stokes Sep 1878 Married 5 years Texas Texas Alabama -
Son Paul B Stokes Mar 1899 Single Texas Texas Texas -
Boarder* James W Young Nov 1873 Single Texas Texas Texas Attorney

James W Young is boarding with a family headed by Miss Berta Wootters. John Wootters is his future father-in-law's business partner, there may be a connection here. Or it may be the wrong James W Young... there seems to be another one in the area with a similar birthdate.

1910 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

Relationship
to Head
of Household
Name Age Marital Status Birthplace Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace Occupation
Self Edgar Stokes 44 Married Texas Georgia - Doctor
Wife Cora Stokes* 32 Married Texas Texas Alabama none
Son Paul Stokes 10 Single Texas Texas Texas none
Daughter Hattie Stokes 8 Single Texas Texas Texas -
Daughter Alta Stokes 3 Single Texas Texas Texas -
Lodger Hattie E Cunyus 34 widowed Texas Georgia Alabama none
Lodger Leita Cunyus 10 Single Texas Georgia Texas none
Partner** James W Young 36 Single Texas Tennessee Tennessee Lawyer

* Cora is listed as having given birth to 5 children with 3 living.
** James Young's partner is Harold Beasley, druggist.

1920 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

Relationship
to Head
of Household
Name Age Marital Status Birthplace Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace Occupation
Self Dr. Edgar Stokes 53 Married Texas Georgia Alabama Physician
Wife Cora Stokes 41 Married Texas Texas Texas -
Son Paul Stokes 20 Married* Texas Texas Texas -
Daughter Hattie Stokes 18 Single Texas Texas Texas -
Daughter Alta Stokes 13 Single Texas Texas Texas -
Daughter Cora C Stokes 9 Single Texas Texas Texas -
Self Roy Deupree 39 Married Georgia Georgia Alabama Oil
Wife Lucy Deupree 38 Married Texas Texas Texas -
Daughter Lucy Roy Deupree 16 Single Texas Georgia Texas -
Son Julius Deupree 14 Single Texas Georgia Texas -
Daughter Jannette Deupree 10 Single Texas Georgia Texas -
Daughter Dorothy Deupree 8 Single Texas Georgia Texas -
Mother-in-law Lucy Stokes 75 Widowed Alabama Georgia Alabama -
Head James W Young 47 Married Texas Texas Texas Lawner
Wife Hattie Young 43 Married Texas Georgia Alabama none
Daughter** Leita Cunyus 20 Single Texas Texas Texas none

* Paul is listed as married, but there is no spouse in the census—could be any number of reasons... or the "M" could be a "W"—they look quite similar... he might be widowed.
** Leita is, of course, James's adopted daughter. Her father is Homer Cunyus.

1930 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

Relationship
to Head
of Household
Name Age Birthplace Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace Occupation Married
at age
Address: [North?] First Street
Head (Self) Edgar B Stokes 63 Texas Georgia Alabama Physician 29
Wife Cora Stokes 51 Texas Texas* Texas* - 16
Daughter Cora Stokes 18 Texas Texas* Texas* - -
Address: [North?] First Street
Head (Self) Tom R Deupree 49 Georgia Georgia Alabama Livestock Dealer 21
Wife Lucy S Deupree 46 Texas Georgia Alabama - -
 

Edgar Bacon Stokes Family Tree

Death Certificates

Hattie Stokes Young

Date of Death: 14 Nov 1961
Date of Birth: 21 Apr 1874 (this conflicts with the 1900 census by 1 year)
Birthplace: Texas
Parents: Lucy Hancock and Charles Stokes
Cause of Death: Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease and Bronchiectasis
Place of Death: Jacksonville, Cherokee, Texas
Usual Residence: 40 S. Center, Longview, Gregg County, Texas
Occuption: Housewife
Name of Hospital: Cherokee Nursing Home
Burial: Evergreen Cemetery, Crockett, Texas. [ref: 9]

J W Young

Date of Death: 9 Aug 1941
Date of Birth: 11 Nov 1873
Birthplace: Bastrop, Texas
Parents: Mark Young and Mary Douglas Young
Cause of Death: Carcinoma of the lung
Place of Death: Crockett, Houston County, Texas
Residence: 409 Bell, Crockett, TX
Occupation: Lawyer
Burial: Crockett, TX [ref: 10]

 

Individual Data

Edgar Bacon Stokes, MD (1866 - ?)

Will Benson Stokes

Charles Stokes (May 1834 - 1910)

Lucy Hancock (Jul 1844 - ?)

William Stokes (c. 1864 - bef 1914)

Coltin C Stokes (Sep 1872 - bef 1920)

This individual appears in the 1900 census with a birth date of Sep 1872, which would make him 28, so I am led to wonder whether Coltin is Charles' middle name and if he and Charles are the same person and the last missing child who died before maturity is someone else. [ref: 4]

Charles C Stokes (c. 1873 - bef 1914)

Harriett E Stokes (Apr 1875 - aft 1914)

Reference 1 indicates that Harriett, in 1914, is married to James W Young. However, in 1900, she is living with her parents and is listed as having been married for 4 years and having given birth to one child who is still living. Homer J Cunyus, Dentist is listed as Charles's son-in-law, also married 4 years and there is a 1-year-old child, Leita Cunyus, listed as the granddaughter of Charles. Further, the name "Cunyus" is written next to Harriett's name and is then scratched out. A search of FindaGrave.com turns up a listing indicating that Homer Jennings Cunyus, DDS, husband of Hattie Stokes, died on 5 July 1906. Therefore, either Hattie kept her maiden name or the census taker erred in crossing out her last name. [ref: 1, 4, 8]

Anne "Annie" M Stokes (Jan 1880 - aft 1914)

Lucy Stokes ( - aft 1914)

Robert C Stokes (c. 1868 - aft 1914)

Cora Davis (aft 1914)

Paul B Stokes (1899 - )

Hattie Stokes (1902 - ?)

Alta Stokes (1907 - ?)

Cora Charles Stokes (c. 1911 - ?)

Homer Jennings Cunyus, DDS (1866 - 1906)

Leita Cunyus (1899 - ?)

James W Young (1873 - bet 1920 & 1961)

 
'

References

[1] Johnson, Francis White. A History of Texas and Texans. vol. 3. Chicago and New York: The American Historical Society, 1914. 1114-1116. Print. (Edited by Eugene C Barker, Ph.D., professor of American History, The University of Texas With the assistance of Ernest William Winkler, MA, Texas State Librarian).
Google URL of scan: http://books.google.com/books?id=EB1sav9E4d 0C

[2] 1870 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

[3] 1880 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

[4] 1900 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

[5] 1910 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

[6] 1920 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

[7] 1930 US Federal Census, Crockett, Houston County, Texas

[8] FindAGrave.com listing for Dr. Homer Jennings Cunyus, DDS. Retrieved on 30 Nov 2010.

[9] Certificate of Death for Hattie Stokes Young, State of Texas. Retrieved via FamilySearch.org on 30 Nov 2010.

[10] Certificate of Death for J W Young, State of Texas. Retrieved via FamilySearch.org on 30 Nov 2010.

[11] 1880 US Federal Census, Fitz Williams Mill, Bastrop County, Texas